Quantum Physics For Scientists And Technologists

Author: Paul Sanghera
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470922699
Size: 13.41 MB
Format: PDF
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Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists is a self-contained, comprehensive review of this complex branch of science. The book demystifies difficult concepts and views the subject through non-physics fields such as computer science, biology, chemistry, and nanotechnology. It explains key concepts and phenomena in the language of non-physics majors and with simple math, assuming no prior knowledge of the topic. This cohesive book begins with the wavefunction to develop the basic principles of quantum mechanics such as the uncertainty principle and wave-particle duality. Comprehensive coverage of quantum theory is presented, supported by experimental results and explained through applications and examples without the use of abstract and complex mathematical tools or formalisms. From there, the book: Takes the mystery out of the Schrodinger equation, the fundamental equation of quantum physics, by applying it to atoms Shows how quantum mechanics explains the periodic table of elements Introduces the quantum mechanical concept of spin and spin quantum number, along with Pauli's Exclusion Principle regarding the occupation of quantum states Addresses quantum states of molecules in terms of rotation and vibration of diatomic molecules Explores the interface between classical statistical mechanics and quantum statistical mechanics Discusses quantum mechanics as a common thread through different fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology Each chapter features real-world applications of one or more quantum mechanics principles. "Study Checkpoints" and problems with solutions are presented throughout to make difficult concepts easy to understand. In addition, pictures, tables, and diagrams with full explanations are used to present data and further explain difficult concepts. This book is designed as a complete course in quantum mechanics for senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students in non-physics majors. It also applies to courses such as modern physics, physical chemistry and nanotechnology. The material is also accessible to scientists, engineers, and technologists working in the fields of computer science, biology, chemistry, engineering, and nanotechnology.

Epistemology Methodology Iii Philosophy Of Science And Technology Part I Formal And Physical Sciences

Author: Mario BUNGE
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9027719039
Size: 13.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The aims of this Introduction are to characterize the philosophy of science and technology, henceforth PS & T, to locate it on the map ofiearning, and to propose criteria for evaluating work in this field. 1. THE CHASM BETWEEN S & T AND THE HUMANITIES It has become commonplace to note that contemporary culture is split into two unrelated fields: science and the rest, to deplore this split - and to do is some truth in the two cultures thesis, and even nothing about it. There greater truth in the statement that there are literally thousands of fields of knowledge, each of them cultivated by specialists who are in most cases indifferent to what happens in the other fields. But it is equally true that all fields of knowledge are united, though in some cases by weak links, forming the system of human knowledge. Because of these links, what advances, remains stagnant, or declines, is the entire system of S & T. Throughout this book we shall distinguish the main fields of scientific and technological knowledge while at the same time noting the links that unite them.

Quantum Mechanics For Scientists And Engineers

Author: David A. B. Miller
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139471275
Size: 16.61 MB
Format: PDF
View: 28

If you need a book that relates the core principles of quantum mechanics to modern applications in engineering, physics, and nanotechnology, this is it. Students will appreciate the book's applied emphasis, which illustrates theoretical concepts with examples of nanostructured materials, optics, and semiconductor devices. The many worked examples and more than 160 homework problems help students to problem solve and to practise applications of theory. Without assuming a prior knowledge of high-level physics or classical mechanics, the text introduces Schrödinger's equation, operators, and approximation methods. Systems, including the hydrogen atom and crystalline materials, are analyzed in detail. More advanced subjects, such as density matrices, quantum optics, and quantum information, are also covered. Practical applications and algorithms for the computational analysis of simple structures make this an ideal introduction to quantum mechanics for students of engineering, physics, nanotechnology, and other disciplines. Additional resources available from www.cambridge.org/9780521897839.

Low Dimensional Semiconductors

Author: M. J. Kelly
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780191590092
Size: 12.35 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 11

This text is a first attempt to pull together the whole of semiconductor science and technology since 1970 in so far as semiconductor multilayers are concerned. Material, technology, physics and device issues are described with approximately equal emphasis, and form a single coherant point of view. The subject matter is the concern of over half of today's active semiconductor scientists and technologists, the remainder working on bulk semiconductors and devices. It is now routine to design and the prepare semiconductor multilayers at a time, with independent control over the dropping and composition in each layer. In turn these multilayers can be patterned with features that as a small as a few atomic layers in lateral extent. The resulting structures open up many new ares of exciting solid state and quantum physics. They have also led to whole new generations of electronic and optoelectronic devices whose superior performance relates back to the multilayer structures. The principles established in the field have several decades to go, advancing towards the ultimate of materials engineering, the design and preparation of solids atom by atom. The book should appeal equally to physicists, electronic engineers and materials scientists.

Radiative Transfer On Discrete Spaces

Author: Rudolph W. Preisendorfer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483185293
Size: 10.47 MB
Format: PDF
View: 80

Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 74: Radiative Transfer on Discrete Spaces presents the geometrical structure of natural light fields. This book describes in detail with mathematical precision the radiometric interactions of light-scattering media in terms of a few well established principles. Organized into four parts encompassing 15 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the derivations of the practical formulas and the arrangement of formulas leading to numerical solution procedures of radiative transfer problems in plane-parallel media. This text then constructs radiative transfer theory in three ways. Other chapters consider the development of discrete radiative transfer theory from the local interaction principle. This book discusses as well the development of continuous radiative transfer theory. The final chapter deals with the task of formulating a mathematical foundation for radiative transfer theory. This book is a valuable resource for researchers in the field of radiative transfer theory whose interests transcend the physical and numerical aspects of the interaction of light with matter.

Vector Measures

Author: N. Dinculeanu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483222653
Size: 14.26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 95

International Series of Monographs in Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 95: Vector Measures focuses on the study of measures with values in a Banach space, including positive measures with finite or infinite values. This book is organized into three chapters. Chapter I covers classes of sets, set functions, variation and semi-variation of set functions, and extension of set functions from a certain class to a wider one. The integration of vector functions with respect to vector measures is reviewed in Chapter II. In Chapter III, the regular measures on a locally compact space and integral representation of the dominated operations on the space of continuous functions with compact carrier are described. This volume is intended for specialists, researchers, and students interested in vector measures.

Sets Na Ve Axiomatic And Applied

Author: D. Van Dalen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483150390
Size: 18.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 57

Sets: Naïve, Axiomatic and Applied is a basic compendium on naïve, axiomatic, and applied set theory and covers topics ranging from Boolean operations to union, intersection, and relative complement as well as the reflection principle, measurable cardinals, and models of set theory. Applications of the axiom of choice are also discussed, along with infinite games and the axiom of determinateness. Comprised of three chapters, this volume begins with an overview of naïve set theory and some important sets and notations. The equality of sets, subsets, and ordered pairs are considered, together with equivalence relations and real numbers. The next chapter is devoted to axiomatic set theory and discusses the axiom of regularity, induction and recursion, and ordinal and cardinal numbers. In the final chapter, applications of set theory are reviewed, paying particular attention to filters, Boolean algebra, and inductive definitions together with trees and the Borel hierarchy. This book is intended for non-logicians, students, and working and teaching mathematicians.